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Precision Agriculture using IoT Technology

May 20, 2022

Technology-based farm management system identifies, analyses and manages variability in fields by conducting crop production practices at the right place and time and in the right way.

Precision farming is an approach where inputs are utilised in precise amounts to get increased average yields, compared to traditional cultivation techniques.

Sustainable kind of precision farming is this decade’s most valuable innovation in farm management that is based on using Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs). Students studying at the Private Agriculture College in Rajasthan take this subject as a topic of their research for thesis.

Precision farming permits for climate-smart agri-business

Climate-smart agriculture is essential for achieving the goal. Precision farming is a powerful tool once it is applied appropriately, based on local crop and site-specific conditions. The details about the same are taught in Private Agriculture College in Rajasthan.

Agricultural extension via digital advisory services

Adoption of best practices is critical and digital communication is necessary to bridge the technology gap. Agricultural extension plays a key role in technology dissemination and the private sector is increasingly active in this domain.

Drip irrigation

In addition to its advantages over other types of irrigation for improving yields, drip irrigation is the best delivery system for soluble fertilisers. It also drastically reduces the propagation of weeds and requirement for herbicides.

Solar pumps

Solar pumps that lift well water to feed drip systems are a benefit multiplier. Yet the introduction of solar pumps is slow despite their zero-carbon footprint and low-maintenance photovoltaic technology. Changes to subsidy policies now underway may help pave the way for mass adoption and hence further increase the role of private firms contributing to the proliferation of solar pumps.

Soil and crop monitoring

Imagery-equipped drones are technically and financially affordable for small farmer communities, also particularly suited for small plots and contract farming. Early detection and correction of soil and crop deficiencies is a win-win proposition for both farmers and off-takers. If purchased and operated by large agri-businesses, the investment in drones and imagery analysis can be factored into the produce price paid to farmers.

Extending the use of equipment for soil and crop monitoring to farming cooperatives and contract farms also benefits from novel forms of utilisation led by the private sector, now spreading from developed countries into emerging markets.

Automated planter controls

According to the Private Agriculture College in Rajasthan, the technology gives proper control over the planting process.The technology improves planting efficiency, reduces the time needed to finish the process and the amount of wasted seed.

GIS software

GIS system give farmers a possibility to aggregate data in a visually-rich way. By generating custom color-coded maps, the tool gives an overall view on soil condition, crop fertility, insect, or disease pressure.